Obesity is a pathology that currently afflicts the modern world and, consequently, the health system since this condition carries a series of associated diseases. The diseases have become a challenge for global public health. In view of this reality, different methods and techniques have been developed to be applied to patients with this condition, as long as traditional methods such as diets and exercises do not generate the desired effect.
Bariatric surgeries are one of the most commonly used methods to lose weight, but they are invasive and present certain risks and complications that are somewhat serious. Then, the gastric botox injection method arises.
First of all, we will explain what botox is. Botox, also known as botulinum toxin, is a neurotoxin released by botulism which is a disease arising from a bacterium that causes muscle paralysis. This toxin is widely used in the neurological field and aesthetic medicine to treat different conditions.
The toxin works as follows, from the point of view of the skin, it is injected and relaxes the muscle fibers to decrease the function of contraction. This causes the nerves to be cut, resulting in a spot on the skin with a small paralysis. Then, in the aesthetic aspect, it is used to slow down the appearance of wrinkles.
In the medical field, Botox is widely used to treat ocular strabismus, dystonia, blepharospasm, vertebral algias, migraine, urinary incontinence and now in the bariatric field. However, its most recognized application is in the aesthetic field to treat wrinkles on the face.
These have been used in recent years to treat obesity from another point of view. Its application is relatively simple; it consists of applying an injection of botulinum toxin in the gastric fundus using an endoscopic needle.
The toxin then affects the striated muscles of the stomach causing their contractions to be inhibited. This has the effect of slowing down the digestion of food in the stomach, therefore, the feeling of satiety lasts much longer.
This treatment facilitates appetite control since the injection is directed to the gastric fundus which is considered the center of appetite.
As opposed to traditional weight loss methods, treatment with gastric botox injections are recommended for people with a body mass index of less than 35. Compared to patients who need bariatric surgeries such as sleeve or bypass surgery because their body mass index ranges between 35 and 40 (extreme obesity), botox injection is suitable for patients with less severe degrees of obesity. Or, on the contrary, for patients who do not want to undergo surgery.
It is necessary to emphasize that gastric conditions such as ulcers and gastritis should be treated before patients undergo this procedure.
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Compared to other gastric treatments, botox injections have a number of advantages:
It is well known that Botox injections anywhere on the body need to be repeated from time to time since its effects are not permanent. In the case of gastric injections, its effects begin within 72 hours after the injection and last on average 4 to 6 months.
At the end of this time, the patient must go to the routine checkup and undergoes an evaluation where the doctor determines whether it is necessary to place another dose or not. In this check-up it is evaluated if the diseases derived from the degree of obesity that the patient presents have been reduced or completely eliminated and if he/she has lost enough weight to date.
Likewise, the procedure can be repeated three times in 6-month intervals, as long as the doctor decides so. On the other hand, the exercise regimen and diet are fundamental pillars of the success of the treatment.